Test SMTP servers with Telnet
How to use Telnet to test the SMTP servers?
An SMTP server malfunction can be overcome by connecting to an application protocol like Telnet directly from your local computer.
What is SMTP?
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is among the TCP/IP protocols used by email services to route your message to the recipient anytime you send a message.
What is Telnet?
Telnet(teletype network) is a networking protocol aiding a computer to access another, imparting a two-way channel for text-based communication between two or more devices.
With a command prompt and the syntax telnet hostname port, a user can communicate with another computer or command another server using Telnet. Unfortunately, it does not support encryption.
Why is Telnet used to test SMTP servers?
Telnet protocol is among the simplest ways to establish a Transmission Control Protocol between devices because it allows for sending plain-text information over a single TCP connection.
Selection between: port 25 and port 587.
Since your application needs both port 587 and SSL/TSL, port 587 is preferable to test an SMTP connection and add additional security.
Setting up Telnet
Guide to test out an SMTP server using port 587 using Telnet.
- Install Telnet. Then, navigate to the `Control panel->Programs->Click "Turn Windows features on or off."’
- Scroll down to Telnet client. Click the checkbox to enable it.
- Install Telnet using Yum if Fedora and Centos, or Apt on Debian and Ubuntu.
$ yum -y install telnet # fedora / centos $ apt-get install telnet # debian / ubuntu
Depending on Linux System's configuration, use sudo to run Yum or Apt.
Mac users with installed Homebrew can open a terminal using the command:
$ brew install telnet
Here we have used SSL for encryption along with port 587.
We have installed OpenSSL on Windows.
For Linux, install OpenSSL using Yum or Apt with the command:
$ yum -y install openssl # fedora / centos $ apt-get install openssl # debian / ubuntu
For Mac, we can use Homebrew.
$ brew install openssl
Example of connecting an SMTP server securely using Telnet.
Example: Testing an email with an account name Template.
Start the command prompt to input the following:
$ openssl s_client -starttls smtp -connect template.io:587 ehlo template.net mail from: email@example.com rcpt to: firstname.lastname@example.org data Subject: This is a test This is a test email to cheque SMTP connectivity. Thanks so much, Joseph Will.
The command openssl s_client -starttls smtp -connect template.io:587 calls upon the Template server using the OpenSSL encryption protocol.
To send an unencrypted message, use the command:
telnet template.com 25
ehlo.template.net begins communicating with the Template server. After hitting
enter, you’ll receive a connection establishment message:
250-template.io 250-AUTH LOGIN PLAIN CRAM-MD5 250-SMTPUTF8 250 8BITMIME mail from: email@example.com s tells from where the email is coming. Telnet responds : 250 sender firstname.lastname@example.org OK
Add a recipient:
rcpt to: email@example.com states the destination of our email message. Here, the Template test server sends emails. Commas can separate multiple addresses.
Fill in the data and press the ENTER key. It starts with the text to send.
Followed by your text, typing Subject: will place that text in the email’s subject line. Pressing ENTER twice at the end of your subject line starts the body of the email message. Press ENTER twice at the end of the body of your text to send the email message. The message is sent to the recipient once you put a period (.) on the current line and press ENTER. Telnet works well for communicating with SMTP, but its lack of security features renders it unsuitable for use with SMTP for anything other than testing.